What does the research tell us about how children best learn mathematics?


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Dono: Marcos Pedroso

Versão: 1.0

Última Atualiz.: 09-01-2019 9:17


Baroody, Lai & Mix [2006. The development of young childrens number
and operation sense and its implications for early childhood education.
In B. Spodek, & O. N. Saracho (Eds.), Handbook of research on the
education of young children (2nd Ed., pp. 187–221). NJ: Lawrence
Erlbaum.] differentiate between four different learning approaches:
direct instruction, guided adult-initiated play, guided child-initiated play,
and free play. The purpose of this article is to clarify which learning
approach researchers in the field of mathematics recommend for
mathematics learning in children younger than 6 years. We will do this
by illustrating and comparing the theories of the four teaching
approaches. The review of the theories shows that research supports a
combination of guided adult-initiated and child-initiated approaches in
mathematics learning, but that different approaches can have a positive
effect in certain conditions.

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