The physical education predisposition scale: Preliminary tests of reliability and validity in Australian students

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Dono: Marcos Pedroso

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Última Atualiz.: 22-11-2018 13:21

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The main aim of this study was to psychometrically test the Physical Education Predisposition Scale
(PEPS) with a cohort of Australian students, to assess secondary school students’ perceived PE ability
and PE worth. Secondary aims were to explore how the two variables were related and to investigate
age and gender differences. Altogether, 266 Year 7, 8, 9 and 10 students (aged 12–16 years), from four
schools within the South Eastern region of Melbourne, completed the PEPS at both time points.
Principal components analysis revealed the presence of a simple two-factor structure explaining
66.9% of the variance. Factor 1 (labelled perceived PE worth) reflected enjoyment and attitude
(α = .91), and factor 2 (labelled perceived PE ability) represented perceptions of competence and
self-efficacy (α = .92). Significant positive correlations were observed between the two factors
(r = .50–.82, P < .001). Boys scored significantly higher than girls on perceived PE ability (P = .01),
and year 7 students scored significantly higher compared to Year 9 students (P = .002). Our results
support the potential of the PEPS as a concise measurement tool for use in the PE setting, for both
teachers and researchers.

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